- The district administration of Gadchiroli pilots a project to issue cryptographically secured caste certificates via the Polygon POS blockchain, offering a new level of trust and efficiency to identity verification.
- The use of Decentralized Applications (DApps) in issuing and verifying certificates demonstrates the transformative power of Web 3.0 technologies in governance systems.
In a game-changing innovation to traditional identity verification systems, the district administration of Gadchiroli has pioneered a program to issue caste certificates anchored cryptographically on the Polygon POS blockchain. This modern approach leverages the inherent security and immutability of blockchain technology, allowing for instant verification of these certificates through publicly auditable data stored on-chain.
Niti-Aayog has declared a Maharashtra blockchain caste certification pilot, in association w/ @0xZupple, a model project in the social sector.
⚖️ This is the first time an Indian gov. think tank has recognized & recommended the use of public blockchain in E-governance#onPolygon
— Polygon (Labs) (@0xPolygonLabs) June 6, 2023
The pilot project is currently underway in the Etapalli sub-division of the Gadchiroli district. The region’s predominant Scheduled Tribe population, including especially vulnerable tribal groups such as Madia, Gond, constitutes the primary beneficiaries of this initiative.
The blockchain-based system revolves around two key decentralized applications (DApps): an issuance DApp operated by the district administration and a verification DApp built atop public blockchains. The issuance DApp intakes caste certificate details generated by the MahaOnline portal – Maharashtra’s existing platform for caste certificate issuance. Unique hash codes, derived from the certificate’s data set, are produced by the DApp, which are then uploaded onto the blockchain along with the generation of a QR code appended to the original caste certificate.
This blockchain-empowered caste certificate is then disseminated to citizens via common service centres.
In addition, the verification DApp, hosted on the Gadchiroli district administration website, allows for immediate authentication of the caste certificate. The process requires just a simple scan of the QR code. Tampered QR codes remain unresponsive in this system. Furthermore, if a valid QR code is pasted onto a counterfeit certificate, the system reveals a discrepancy between the verification portal’s data and the fraudulent certificate.
In essence, this novel approach provides caste certificates whose authenticity is safeguarded by blockchain technology. This mechanism effectively curbs forgery and prevents the misuse of counterfeit caste certificates for government services. The project, run by the Office of the Sub-Divisional Officer, Etapalli and software firm LegitDoc, is currently set to cover 65,000 caste certificates, with plans to expand the reach in the coming months.
This project embodies a significant advancement in the integration of Web 3.0 technologies into governance systems. It attests that the authenticity of citizen records needn’t rely solely on government files or administrator-controlled cloud repositories. Instead, it can lie in the undeniable, cryptographically verifiable data proofs stored on-chain.